Est. time: 13 min

Since the mid-1970s, national attention has been focused on the education of individuals with disabilities in our schools. Unfortunately, there is little direction at the national and state levels on how to manage difficult behaviors. Some schools have resorted to removing and restraining students without proper direction or oversight. Many schools have employed procedures called seclusion (commonly referred to as "time-out") and physical restraint to intervene when a student is a danger to him/herself or others. Developed by Michael Livovich, in this tutorial you will learn about seclusion and physical restraint (what they are and what they are not); about Positive Behavioral Intervention Supports (PBIS), including: Positive procedures for schools on the use of seclusion and physical restraint and State Guidance on the Use of Seclusion and Physical Restraint.