Est. time: 20 min

Since the passage of disability legislation during the 1970s, schools serve a broader population of students with conditions, such as emotional impairments, including depression and attention deficit disorder/attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Treatment often includes the use of medications that alter one's state of mind from a depressed to non-depressed state or medications that cause one to focus. Psycho-tropic and psycho-stimulant medications are the general categories of drugs prescribed to children and adults to treat emotional and attentional conditions. Psycho-tropic medications have been more commonly prescribed to adults, but children and young adult use is almost as popular today. Psycho-stimulant medications have been increasingly popular since the identification and protection of students with attention deficit and hyperactivity disorders (ADD/ADHD). Both types of medications have an effect on the behavior and function of many students in the schools and can either be helpful or, if abused, harmful. Written by Michael Livovich, participants of this tutorial will gain an understanding of Psycho-tropic medications (their definition, use, and common types), Psycho-tropic medications and emotional illnesses, Psycho-stimulant medications (their definition, use, and common types), Psycho-stimulant medications and the treatment of attention deficit (and hyperactivity) disorder (ADD/ADHD), and Federal Requirements and Implications for school-based management and care.